Before his death, Lanyon gives Utterson a letter to be opened after Jekyll's death or disappearance. When Jekyll refuses to leave his lab for weeks, Utterson and Jekyll's butler , Mr. Poole, break into the lab. Inside, they find the body of Hyde wearing Jekyll's clothes and apparently dead from suicide.
They find also a letter from Jekyll to Utterson promising to explain the entire mystery. Utterson takes the document home, where he first reads Lanyon's letter and then Jekyll's. The first reveals that Lanyon's deterioration and eventual death resulted from the seeing Hyde drinking a serum or potion and subsequently turning into Jekyll.
- The Strange Case Of Dr. Jekyll And Mr. Hyde, by Robert Louis Stevenson.
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The second letter explains that Jekyll, having previously indulged unstated vices and with it the fear that discovery would lead to his losing his social position found a way to transform himself and thereby indulge his vices without fear of detection. But Jekyll's transformed personality, Hyde, was effectively a sociopath — evil, self-indulgent, and utterly uncaring to anyone but himself.
Initially, Jekyll was able to control the transformations, but then he became Hyde involuntarily in his sleep. At this point, Jekyll resolved to cease becoming Hyde. One night, however, the urge gripped him too strongly, and after the transformation he immediately rushed out and violently killed Carew. Horrified, Jekyll tried more adamantly to stop the transformations, and for a time he proved successful by engaging in philanthropic work. One day, at a park, he considered how good a person he had become as a result of his deeds in comparison to others , believing himself redeemed.
However, before he completed his line of thought, he looked down at his hands and realized that he had suddenly transformed once again into Hyde.
Jekyll and Hyde
This was the first time that an involuntary metamorphosis had happened in waking hours. Far from his laboratory and hunted by the police as a murderer, Hyde needed help to avoid being caught. He wrote to Lanyon in Jekyll's hand , asking his friend to retrieve the contents of a cabinet in his laboratory and to meet him at midnight at Lanyon's home in Cavendish Square.
In Lanyon's presence, Hyde mixed the potion and transformed back to Jekyll - ultimately leading to Lanyon's death. Meanwhile, Jekyll returned to his home only to find himself ever more helpless and trapped as the transformations increased in frequency and necessitated even larger doses of potion in order to reverse them. It was the onset of one of these spontaneous metamorphoses that caused Jekyll to slam his laboratory window shut in the middle of his conversation with Enfield and Utterson.
Eventually, the stock of ingredients from which Jekyll had been preparing the potion ran low, and subsequent batches prepared by Dr. Jekyll from renewed stocks failed to produce the transformation. Jekyll speculated that the one essential ingredient that made the original potion work a salt must have itself been contaminated.
After sending Poole to one chemist after another to purchase the salt that was running low only to find it wouldn't work, he assumed that subsequent supplies all lacked the essential ingredient that made the potion successful for his experiments. His ability to change back from Hyde into Jekyll had slowly vanished in consequence.
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (TV Movie ) - IMDb
Jekyll wrote that even as he composed his letter, he knew that he would soon become Hyde permanently, having used the last of this salt and he wondered if Hyde would face execution for his crimes or choose to kill himself. Jekyll noted that, in either case, the end of his letter marked the end of his life. He ended the letter saying, "I bring the life of that unhappy Henry Jekyll to an end".
With these words, both the document and the novella come to a close. This is how Gertrude Jekyll 's name should be pronounced. While there are adaptations of the book , the section depicts the different portrayals in different media appearances:. The stage version includes several character changes: Jekyll believes the evil in man is the reason for his father's mental deficiencies and is the driving force of his work; he is also engaged to Sir Danvers' daughter, Emma, while her former lover, Simon Stride, is still longing for her affections.
The musical also features a prostitute named Lucy Harris, who is the object of Hyde's lust. Hyde also murders several more people in the musical, including each member of the Board of Governors at the hospital where Jekyll is employed and rejected his work, Lucy, and Stride. Robert Cuccioli originated the role s for the first U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues.
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You can help. She tearfully tells him about her situation with Hyde, and Jekyll reassures her that she will never see Hyde again. But the next night, while walking to a party at Muriel's where the wedding date is to be announced, Jekyll spontaneously changes into Hyde. Rather than attend the party, Hyde goes to Ivy's room and murders her. Hyde returns to Jekyll's house but is refused admission by the butler.
Desperate, Hyde writes a letter to Lanyon instructing him to take certain chemicals from Jekyll's laboratory and take them home. When Hyde arrives, Lanyon pulls a gun on him and demands that Hyde take him to Jekyll. With no other choice, Hyde drinks the formula and changes back into Jekyll before a shocked Lanyon. Aware that he cannot control the transformations, Jekyll goes to the Carew home and breaks off the engagement.
After he leaves, he stands on the terrace and watches Muriel cry. This triggers another transformation and, as Hyde, he enters the house and assaults Muriel. Sir Danvers tries to stop him, but Hyde beats him to death with Jekyll's walking stick then flees back to Jekyll's laboratory where he takes the formula again and reverts to Jekyll. Lanyon recognizes the broken cane left at the crime scene and takes the police to Jekyll's home.
Jekyll tells them that Hyde has already left, Lanyon insists that Jekyll and Hyde are one and the same. The stress causes another transformation into Hyde and, after a fierce struggle, Hyde is shot by the police. Dying, he transforms back into Jekyll. Source: . The film was made prior to the full enforcement of the Production Code and is remembered today for its strong sexual content, embodied mostly in the character of the bar singer, Ivy Pierson, played by Miriam Hopkins. When it was re-released in , the Code required 8 minutes to be removed before the film could be distributed to theaters.
The secret of the transformation scenes was not revealed for decades Mamoulian himself revealed it in a volume of interviews with Hollywood directors published under the title The Celluloid Muse. Make-up was applied in contrasting colors. A series of colored filters that matched the make-up was then used which enabled the make-up to be gradually exposed or made invisible.
The change in color was not visible on the black-and-white film. Wally Westmore 's make-up for Hyde — simian and hairy with large canine teeth — influenced greatly the popular image of Hyde in media and comic books. In part this reflected the novella's implication of Hyde as embodying repressed evil, and hence being semi-evolved or simian in appearance.
The characters of Muriel Carew and Ivy Pierson do not appear in Stevenson's original story; Ivy Pierson's character is original to the film, while Muriel [Agnes] Carew does appear in the stage version by playwright Thomas Russell Sullivan. John Barrymore was originally asked by Paramount to play the lead role, in an attempt to recreate his role from the version of Jekyll and Hyde , but he was already under a new contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Paramount then gave the part to March, who was under contract and who bore a physical resemblance to Barrymore.
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March had played a John Barrymore-like character in the Paramount film The Royal Family of Broadway , a story about an acting family similar to the Barrymores. March would go on to win the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance of the role. Every print of the film that could be located was recalled and destroyed and for decades the film was believed lost.
The film was the first film to be screened at the first edition of the Venice International Film Festival. Hyde received mostly positive reviews upon its release. Mordaunt Hall of The New York Times wrote an enthusiastic review, comparing it favorably to the John Barrymore version as a "far more tense and shuddering affair" than that film. Hall called March "the stellar performer" in the title role while praising the acting of the entire supporting cast as well, and called the old-fashioned atmosphere created by the costumes and set designs "quite pleasing". Film critic Leonard Maltin gave the film 3 out of a possible 4 stars, calling it "exciting", and "floridly cinematic", also praising March's and Hopkins performances.
Variety ran a somewhat less favorable but still positive review. Alfred Rushford Greason wrote that "the picture doesn't build to an effective climax" because it was too slow and labored in getting there, and that while the initial transformation sequence "carries a terrific punch", its effect became lessened with successive uses. However, Greason credited March with "an outstanding bit of theatrical acting", declared the makeup "a triumph", and said that the sets and lighting alone made the film worth seeing "as models of atmospheric surroundings.
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John Mosher of The New Yorker reported that the film "has its full storage of horror" and was "well acted". March, he wrote, "gives us a Mr. Hyde as athletic and exuberant as might have been that of Douglas Fairbanks, Senior. The site's critical consensus reads, "A classic. The definitive version of the Robert Louis Stevenson novella from , with innovative special effects, atmospheric cinematography and deranged overacting. The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Hyde Theatrical release poster. Paramount Pictures. Epics, Spectacles and Blockbusters. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. October 19, Retrieved April 19, Hyde " article TCM. Film Affinity. Retrieved March 23, The New York Times. Retrieved December 7, Leonard Maltin's Movie Guide.